ALI MALIK received the B.Sc. degree in computer science from the University of Al-Qadisiyah, Iraq, the M.Sc. degree in information technology from the University of BAMU, India, and the Ph.D. degree from the School of Computing, University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom. He is currently a Postdoctoral researcher at the school of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, TU Dublin, Ireland. His research interests include software-defined networks, risk management, security, and reliability.